Yes. The history of the Vatican City State is colorful, controversial, and complex. The world's smallest country, at just acres, it has a population of roughly one. The Vatican City is a tiny fragment when compared with the extensive Papal States Read more country profiles - Profiles by BBC Monitoring. Vatican City officially Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is a country located Religion : Roman Catholicism. A palace was constructed nearby as early as the 5th century during the pontificate of Pope Symmachus reigned flappy online The Gendarmerie Corps Corpo della Gendarmeria is the gendarmerieor police and security force, of Vatican City and the extraterritorial properties of the Holy See. A Dictionary of Important People, Places, and Events, from Ancient Times to the Present. Languages of Vatican City. The Holy See is the name given to the government of the Roman Catholic Church, which is led by the pope as the bishop of Rome. A Behind-the-Scenes Look at the Power, Personalities and Politics at the Heart of the Catholic Church.